Guide to Treating Bunions
Bunions aren’t something only grandpa gets and complains about, since they can appear on anyone’s feet, no matter the age of the person. However, women are more prone to develop them due to wearing high heeled shoes. Bunions aren’t easy to manage, normally things like wearing tight-fitting shoes and putting too much pressure on the toes slowly cause abnormalities in the big toe’s joint position.
A bunion is a hard bump which forms on the joint at the base of your big toe. This forms when your big toe pushes against your next toe, which then forces the joint of your big toe to get bigger and stick out. The skin over the bunion might be red and sore.
Symptoms of Bunion
The signs and symptoms of a bunion include:
- A bulging bump on the outside of the base of your big toe
- Swelling, redness or soreness around your big toe joint
- Corns or calluses – these often develop where the first and second toes overlap
- Persistent or intermittent pain
- Restricted movement of your big toe if arthritis affects the toe
- Pain and soreness
- A burning sensation
- Hardened skin under the foot
Bunions begin as small lumps. They get worse over time, however, causing pain and making walking difficult.
When to see a doctor?
Although bunions often require no medical treatment, it is important to see a doctor who specializes in treating foot disorders if you have:
- Persistent big toe or foot pain
- A visible bump on your big toe joint
- Decreased movement of your big toe or foot
- Difficulty finding shoes which fit perfectly because of a bunion
Causes of Bunions
There are many theories about how bunions develop, but the exact cause is unknown. Factors likely include:
- Inherited foot type
- Foot injuries
- Deformities present at birth
- Having big toe bone that moves more than usual, known as hypermobility
- Conditions that affect both the nerves and muscles such as polio
Bunions might be associated with certain types of arthritis, particularly inflammatory types, such as rheumatoid arthritis.
These factors might increase your risk of bunions:
- High Heels – Wearing high heels forces your toes into the front of your shoes, often crowding your toes
- Ill—fitting shoes – People who wear shoes which are too tight, too narrow or too pointed are more susceptible to bunions.
- Rheumatoid arthritis – Having this inflammatory condition can make you more susceptible to bunions
- Heredity – The tendency to develop bunions might be because of an inherited structural foot defect.
Although they don’t always cause problems, bunions are permanent unless surgically corrected. Possible complications include:
- Bursitis – This painful condition occurs when the small fluid-filled pads which cushion bones, tendons, and muscles near your joints become inflamed.
- Hammertoe – An abnormal bend which occurs in the middle joint of a toe, usually the toe next your big toe can cause pain and pressure.
- Metatarsalgia – This condition causes pain and inflammation in the ball of your foot.
A diagnosis is usually possible by looking at the bunion.
A healthcare provider can use physical examination and X-rays to diagnose the presence of bunions. An X-ray will show the doctor how severe the bunions is and help them decide what the best treatment will be.
Life adaptations to relieve bunions include:
- Appropriately fitting footwear: Shoes that have sufficient space inside can relieve pressure on the toe
- Foot measuring: A good shoe shop will measure your feet and advise on suitable footwear options
- Shoe inserts: Also known as orthotics, inserts relieve pressure on the toe.
- Padding, taping or splinting of the toe
- Avoiding activities that increase pain: These include standing for a long period of time
- Ice: Applying ice to the affected area can help reduce swelling
Medication can help with pain and swelling.
- Pain-relieving medications: Ibuprofen, for example can reduce pain and swelling. They are available over-the-counter.
- Cortisone injections: These can relieve swelling, particularly in the fluid-filled pads that cushion the bones. A doctor will advise about these.
Some bunions may need to be treated with surgery. When bunions require surgery, doctors can use several different types of surgery.
Surgery may be suitable for people who:
- Experience pain and inflammation that do not improve with other measures
- Have a deformity that is severe enough that the toe may cross over another toe
- Cannot bend or straighten a toe, due to stiffness
Surgery is rarely used to treat adolescent bunions.
How to Shrink Bunions Naturally
There are a few home remedies which can help you get rid of a bunion. If you’re having a bunion, try these natural treatments to shrink it in the comfort of your home.
Enjoy a proper oil massage
Massaging your feet with olive, coconut, or castor oil can help a lot in improving your bunion issues. This improves the circulation and increases the blood flow around the inflamed joint, eventually reducing the size of the bunion.
Red Pepper treatment
Applying red pepper is a great way to help eliminate pain and discomfort. Red Pepper is known for its anti-inflammatory mechanism which is an amazing solution for shrinking bunions naturally.
This is another way to shrink bunion naturally. Epsom salt contains magnesium sulfate, which lowers inflammation and minimizes pain. If your bunion is causing discomfort, then simply dissolve half a cup of Epsom salt into a small tube of hot water and soak your foot into it for about 15-20 minutes.
Using Ice on your Bunion
Applying an ice pack to your bunion can make a huge difference in help fighting inflammation, pain and discomfort. You can simply place some ice cube in a bag or paper towel and ice your bunion for about 10-15 minutes.
Or you could also try these products available in the market today to treat your Bunions:
Bunion Corrector Protector Sleeves Kit
This is the best, most effective non-surgical way of treating bunion. This can reduce the pain and discomfort of the bunion so that you can go on with your day like walking and running. It is made from 100% medical grade silicone. You can easily wear this bunion protector under your socks, footwear and stay in place all day long without sliding, allowing you to walk with confidence.
- Very high quality from trusted brand made from medical grade silicone
- Easy to wear and stays in place
- High success rate
- Comfortable to wear
- 100% money back guarantee no questions asked
- It gets flimsy after repeated use
Orthopedic Bunion Corrector Kit Set
This kit is another superb treatment for easing pain, discomfort and pressure caused by a bunion. It’s a one size fits all, so you’re good to go without worrying about sizing. This is made of premium fabric material, which makes it very lightweight and easy to clean. Unlike other rigid bunion correctors on the market, this set allow you to continue with your daily activities while protecting your bunion and providing support.
- Reduces pressure, pain and inflammation in toes
- Can be worn in almost any shoes
- Can be worn throughout the day and night
- Great value
- Maybe too big for smaller foot
Bunions are bony growths on the base of your big toe which affect as many as 50% of the adult population to some degree. If left untreated, it could cause severe pain, swelling, discomfort, which makes it hard to walk. Luckily, there are many natural home treatments which can help you get rid of your bunion completely.